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Paradigms of Classical & Modern Arabic Verbs 
Islam Questions &
Answers - 29 Volumes

Paradigms of Classical & Modern Arabic Verbs
Paradigms of Classical 
& Modern Arabic Verbs

Tafsir Ibn Kathir: Juz (Part) 1

Biography of Hafiz Ibn Kathir

Ibn Kathir's Tafsir

Reasons For Buying Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS. v

Prelude. xv

Opening Serman.. xv

Our Mission.. xv

Biography of Hafiz Ibn Kathir (701 H - 774 H) xvi

Ibn Kathir's Teachers. xvi

Ibn Kathir's Students. xvii

Ibn Kathir's Books. xvii

Ibn Kathir's Death. xviii

Biography of Abul Ala Maududi (1903 – 1979) xviii

Educational & Intellectual Growth: xviii

Involvement in Journalism: xix

Interest in Politics: xix

First Book: xix

Research & Writings: xix

Founding the Party: xx

Struggle & Persecution: xx

Intellectual Contribution: xx

Travels & Journeys Abroad: xxi

His Last Days: xxii

Preface. xxiii

2nd Edition.. xxiii

PART 1 FULL ARABIC TEXT. 1

INTRODUCTION TO CHAPTER (SURAH) 1: AL-fatihah (the opening) 10

Maududi’s Introduction.. 10

Name. 10

Period of Revelation. 10

Theme. 10

Ibn Kathir’s Introduction.. 11

The Meaning of Al-Fatihah and its Various Names. 11

How many Ayat does Al-Fatihah contain. 12

The Number of Words and Letters in Al-Fatihah. 12

The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab. 12

Virtues of Al-Fatihah. 12

Al-Fatihah and the Prayer 15

Explaining this Hadith. 17

Reciting Al-Fatihah is required in Every Rak`ah of the Prayer 17

The Tafsir of Isti`adhah (seeking Refuge) 18

Seeking Refuge before reciting the Qur'an. 20

Seeking Refuge with Allah when One is Angry. 21

Is the Isti`adhah (seeking Refuge) required. 22

Virtues of the Isti`adhah. 22

What does Isti`adhah mean. 23

Why the Devil is called Shaytan. 24

The Meaning of Ar-Rajim.. 25

CHAPTER (SURAH) 1: AL-FATIHAH (THE OPENING),  verses 001–007. 26

Surah: 1 Ayah: 1. 26

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 26

Bismillah is the First Ayah of Al-Fatihah. 26

Basmalah aloud in the Prayer 26

The Virtue of Al-Fatihah. 28

Basmalah is recommended before performing any Deed. 28

The Meaning of "Allah. 29

The Meaning of Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim - the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful 30

Surah: 1 Ayah: 2. 32

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 32

The Meaning of Al-Hamd. 32

The Difference between Praise and Thanks. 32

The Statements of the Salaf about Al-Hamd. 32

The Virtues of Al-Hamd. 33

Al before Hamd encompasses all Types of Thanks and Appreciation for Allah. 34

The Meaning of Ar-Rabb, the Lord. 34

The Meaning of Al-`Alamin. 34

Why is the Creation called `Alam.. 35

Surah: 1 Ayah: 3. 35

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 35

Surah: 1 Ayah: 4. 35

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 36

Indicating Sovereignty on the Day of Judgment 36

The Meaning of Yawm Ad-Din. 36

Allah is Al-Malik (King or Owner) 36

The Meaning of Ad-Din. 38

Surah: 1 Ayah: 5, Ayah: 6 & Ayah: 7. 38

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 38

The Linguistic and Religious Meaning of `Ibadah. 38

The Merit of stating the Object of the Action before the Doer of the Act, and the Merit of these Negations  39

Al-Fatihah indicates the Necessity of praising Allah. It is required in every Prayer. 39

Tawhid Al-Uluhiyyah. 41

Tawhid Ar-Rububiyyah. 41

Allah called His Prophet (Peace be upon him) an `Abd. 42

Encouraging the Performance of the Acts of Worship during Times of Distress. 42

Why Praise was mentioned First 42

The Meaning of As-Sirat Al-Mustaqim, the Straight Path. 43

The Faithful ask for and abide by Guidance. 44

The Summary of Al-Fatihah. 46

The Bounties are because of Allah, not the Deviations. 46

Saying Amin. 47

INTRODUCTION TO CHAPTER (SURAH) 2: AL-Baqarah (The Cow) 50

Maududi’s Introduction.. 50

Name. 50

Sequence. 50

Historical Background. 50

Theme: Guidance. 52

Topics and their Interconnection. 53

Ibn Kathir’s Introduction.. 54

The Virtues of Surat Al-Baqarah. 54

Virtues of Surat Al-Baqarah and Surat Al `Imran. 56

Surat Al-Baqarah was revealed in Al-Madinah. 58

Chapter (SURAH) 2: AL-Bqarah (The Cow), Verses 001-141. 59

Surah: 2 Ayah: 1. 59

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 59

The Discussion of the Individual Letters. 59

The Letters at the Beginning of Surahs. 59

These Letters testify to the Miraculous Qur’an. 60

Surah: 2 Ayah: 2. 61

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 61

There is no Doubt in the Qur’an. 61

Guidance is granted to Those Who have Taqwa. 62

The Meaning of Al-Muttaqin. 62

There are Two Types of Hidayah (Guidance) 63

Meaning of Taqwa. 63

Surah: 2 Ayah: 3. 63

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 64

The Meaning of Iman (Belief, Faith) 64

The Meaning of Al-Ghayb. 65

Meaning of Iqamat As-Salah. 66

The Meaning of “Spending’’ in this Ayah. 66

The Meaning of Salah. 67

Surah: 2 Ayah: 4. 67

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 67

Attributes of the Believers. 67

Surah: 2 Ayah: 5. 69

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 69

Guidance and Success are awarded to the Believers. 69

Surah: 2 Ayah: 6. 69

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 70

Surah: 2 Ayah: 7. 70

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 71

Meaning of Khatama. 71

The Meaning of Ghishawah. 72

Surah: 2 Ayahs: 8 & 9. 72

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 73

The Hypocrites. 73

Meaning of Nifaq. 73

The Beginning of Hypocrisy. 73

The Tafsir of Aya 2:8 (& Aya 2:9) 74

Surah: 2 Ayah: 10. 75

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 75

The Meaning of ‘Disease’ in this Ayah. 75

Surah: 2 Ayah: 11 & Ayah: 12. 77

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 77

Meaning of Mischief 77

Types of Mischief that the Hypocrites commit 77

Surah: 2 Ayah: 13. 78

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 79

Types of Mischief that the Hypocrites commit (Continued) 79

Surah: 2 Ayah: 14 & Ayah: 15. 79

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 79

The Hypocrites’ Cunning and Deceit 79

Human and Jinn Devils. 80

The Meaning of ‘Mocking. 80

The Hypocrites suffering for their Plots. 80

Meaning of ‘Leaves them increasing in their deviation to wander blindly. 81

Surah: 2 Ayah: 16. 81

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 82

Surah: 2 Ayah: 17 & Ayah: 18. 82

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 83

The Example of the Hypocrites. 83

Surah: 2 Ayah: 19 & Ayah: 20. 83

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 84

Another Parable of the Hypocrites. 84

Types of Believers and Types of Disbelievers. 85

Types of Hearts. 87

Surah: 2 Ayah: 21 & Ayah: 22. 88

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 88

Tawhid Al-Uluhiyyah. 88

A Hadith with the same Meaning. 89

Signs of Allah’s Existence. 91

Surah: 2 Ayah: 23 & Ayah: 24. 92

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 93

The Message of Messenger of Allah is True. 93

The Challenge. 93

Examples of the Miracle of the Qur’an. 94

The Qur’an is the Greatest Miracle given to the Prophet 96

Meaning of ‘Stones’ 96

Jahannam (Hellfire) exists now.. 97

Surah: 2 Ayah: 25. 98

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 99

Rewards of Righteous Believers. 99

The similarity between the Fruits of Paradise. 99

The Wives of the People of Paradise are Pure. 100

Surah: 2 Ayah: 26 & Ayah: 27. 100

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 100

A Parable about the Life of This World. 101

The Meaning of ‘Loss’ 104

Surah: 2 Ayah: 28. 104

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 104

Surah: 2 Ayah: 29. 105

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 105

Evidence of Allah’s Ability. 105

The Beginning of the Creation. 105

The Earth was created before Heaven. 106

Spreading the Earth out after the Heavens were created. 106

Surah: 2 Ayah: 30. 107

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 107

Adam and His Children inhabited the Earth, Generation after Generation. 107

The Obligation of appointing a Khalifah and some related Issues. 109

Surah: 2 Ayah: 31, Ayah: 32 & Ayah: 33. 110

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 110

The Virtue of Adam over the Angels. 110

Adam’s Virtue of Knowledge is demonstrated. 113

Surah: 2 Ayah: 34. 114

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 114

Honoring Adam when the Angels prostrated before Him.. 114

The Prostration was before Adam but the Obedience was to Allah. 115

Surah: 2 Ayah: 35 & Ayah: 36. 116

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 116

Adam was honored again. 116

Hawwa’ was created before Adam entered Paradise. 117

Allah tests Adam.. 117

Adam was very Tall 118

Adam remained in Paradise for an Hour 118

A Doubt and a Rebuttal 119

Surah: 2 Ayah: 37. 119

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 119

Adam repents and supplicates to Allah. 119

Surah: 2 Ayah: 38 & Ayah: 39. 120

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 120

Surah: 2 Ayah: 40 & Ayah: 41. 121

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 121

Encouraging the Children of Israel to embrace Islam.. 121

Israel is Prophet Ya‘qub (Jacob) 122

Allah’s Blessings for the Children of Israel 122

Reminding the Children of Israel of Allah’s Covenant with Them.. 122

Surah: 2 Ayah: 42 & Ayah: 43. 124

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 124

The Prohibition of hiding the Truth and distorting It with Falsehood. 124

Surah: 2 Ayah: 44. 125

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 125

The Condemnation of commanding Others to observe Righteousness while ignoring Righteousness. 125

Surah: 2 Ayah: 45 & Ayah: 46. 127

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 127

The Support that comes with Patience and Prayer 127

Surah: 2 Ayah: 47. 129

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 129

Reminding the Children of Israel that They were preferred above the Other Nations. 129

The Ummah of Muhammad is Better than the Children of Israel 129

Surah: 2 Ayah: 48. 130

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 130

Neither Intercession, Ransom, or Assistance will be accepted on behalf of the Disbelievers. 131

Surah: 2 Ayah: 49 & Ayah: 50. 132

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 133

The Children of Israel were saved from Pharaoh and His Army Who drowned. 133

Fasting the Day of ‘Ashura. 134

Surah: 2 Ayah: 51, Ayah: 52 & Ayah: 53. 134

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 135

The Children of Israel worshipped the Calf 135

Surah: 2 Ayah: 54. 135

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 136

The Children of Israel kill each other in Repentance. 136

Surah: 2 Ayah: 55 & Ayah: 56. 137

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 137

The Best among the Children of Israel ask to see Allah; their subsequent Death and Resurrection. 137

Surah: 2 Ayah: 57. 138

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 139

The Shade, the Manna and the Quail 139

The Virtue of Muhammad’s Companions over the Companions of all Other Prophets. 140

Surah: 2 Ayah: 58 & Ayah: 59. 140

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 141

The Jews were Rebellious instead of Appreciative when They gained Victory. 141

Surah: 2 Ayah: 60. 143

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 144

Twelve Springs gush forth. 144

Surah: 2 Ayah: 61. 144

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 145

The Children of Israel preferred Foods inferior to Manna and Quails. 145

Covering the Jews in Humiliation and Misery. 146

Meaning of Kibr 146

Surah: 2 Ayah: 62. 147

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 147

Faith and doing Righteous Deeds equals Salvation in all Times. 147

The Meaning of Mu’min, or Believer 147

Why the Jews were called ‘Yahud. 148

why the christians were called nasara. 148

The Sabi’un or Sabians. 148

Surah: 2 Ayah: 63 & Ayah: 64. 149

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 149

Taking the Covenant from the Jews. 149

Surah: 2 Ayah: 65 & Ayah: 66. 150

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 150

The Jews breach the Sanctity of the Sabbath. 150

The Monkeys and Swine that exist now are not the Descendants of Those that were transformed. 151

Surah: 2 Ayah: 67. 152

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 152

The Story of the murdered Israeli Man and the Cow.. 152

Surah: 2 Ayah: 68, Ayah: 69, Ayah: 70 & Ayah: 71. 152

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 153

The Stubbornness of the Jews regarding the Cow; Allah made the Matter difficult for Them.. 153

Surah: 2 Ayah: 72 & Ayah: 73. 154

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 155

Bringing the murdered Man back to Life. 155

Surah: 2 Ayah: 74. 156

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 156

The Harshness of the Jews. 156

Solid Inanimate Objects possess a certain Degree of Awareness. 157

Surah: 2 Ayah: 75, Ayah: 76 & Ayah: 77. 158

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 159

There was little Hope that the Jews Who lived during the Time of the Prophet could have believed. 159

The Jews knew the Truth of the Prophet , but disbelieved in Him.. 160

Surah: 2 Ayah: 78 & Ayah: 79. 161

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 161

The Meaning of ‘Ummi 161

The Explanation of Amani 162

Woe unto Those Criminals among the Jews. 162

Surah: 2 Ayah: 80. 163

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 163

The Jews hope They will only remain in the Fire for a Few Days. 163

Surah: 2 Ayah: 81 & Ayah: 82. 165

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 165

When Small Sins gather, They bring about Destruction. 166

Surah: 2 Ayah: 83. 166

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 167

The Covenant that Allah took from the Children of Israel 167

Surah: 2 Ayah: 84, Ayah: 85 & Ayah: 86. 169

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 170

The Terms of the Covenant and their Breach of It 170

Surah: 2 Ayah: 87. 171

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 171

The Arrogance of the Jews who denied and killed Their Prophets. 171

Jibril is Ruh Al-Qudus. 172

The Jews tried to kill the Prophet 173

Surah: 2 Ayah: 88. 173

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 173

Surah: 2 Ayah: 89. 174

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 175

The Jews were awaiting the Prophet’s coming, but They disbelieved in Him when He was sent 175

Surah: 2 Ayah: 90. 176

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 176

Surah: 2 Ayah: 91 & Ayah: 92. 177

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 177

Although The Jews denied the Truth, They claimed to be Believers! 177

Surah: 2 Ayah: 93. 178

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 179

The Jews rebel after Allah took Their Covenant and raised the Mountain above Their Heads. 179

Surah: 2 Ayah: 94, Ayah: 95 & Ayah: 96. 179

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 180

Calling the Jews to invoke Allah to destroy the Unjust Party. 180

Disbelievers wish They could live longer 181

Surah: 2 Ayah: 97 & Ayah: 98. 182

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 182

The Jews are the Enemies of Jibril 182

Choosing Some Angels to believe in over Others is Disbelief like choosing Some Prophets over Others  183

Surah: 2 Ayah: 99, Ayah: 100, Ayah: 101, Ayah: 102 & Ayah: 103. 185

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 187

Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood. 187

The Jews break Their Covenants. 187

The Jews abandoned the Book of Allah and practiced Magic. 187

Magic existed before Sulayman (Solomon) 188

The Story of Harut and Marut, and the Explanation that They were Angels. 188

Learning Magic is Kufr 189

Causing a Separation between the Spouses is One of the Effects of Magic. 190

Allah’s Appointed Term supercedes Everything. 191

Surah: 2 Ayah: 104 & Ayah: 105. 192

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 192

Manners in Speech. 192

The extreme Enmity that the Disbelievers and the People of the Book have against Muslims. 194

Surah: 2 Ayah: 106 & Ayah: 107. 194

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 194

The Meaning of Naskh. 194

Naskh occurs even though the Jews deny it 195

Surah: 2 Ayah: 108. 197

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 197

The Prohibition of Unnecessary Questions. 197

Surah: 2 Ayah: 109 & Ayah: 110. 198

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 199

The Prohibition of following the Ways of the People of the Book. 199

The Encouragement to perform Good Deeds. 200

Surah: 2 Ayah: 111, Ayah: 112 & Ayah: 113. 201

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 202

The Hopes of the People of the Book. 202

The Jews and Christians dispute among Themselves out of Disbelief and Stubbornness. 204

Surah: 2 Ayah: 114. 205

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 205

Of the Most Unjust are Those Who prevent People from the Masjids and strive for their Ruin. 205

The Good News that Islam shall prevail 206

Surah: 2 Ayah: 115. 207

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 208

Facing the Qiblah (Direction of the Prayer) 208

The Qiblah for the People of Al-Madinah is what is between the East and the West 209

Surah: 2 Ayah: 116 & Ayah: 117. 209

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 210

Refuting the Claim that Allah has begotten a Son. 210

Everything is within Allah’s Grasp. 211

The Meaning of Badi’ 212

Surah: 2 Ayah: 118. 213

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 213

Surah: 2 Ayah: 119. 214

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 215

The Description of the Prophet in the Tawrah. 215

Surah: 2 Ayah: 120 & Ayah: 121. 215

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 216

The Meaning of Correct Tilawah. 217

Surah: 2 Ayah: 122 & Ayah: 123. 218

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 219

Surah: 2 Ayah: 124. 219

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 219

Ibrahim Al-Khalil was an Imam for the People. 219

What were the Words that Ibrahim was tested with. 220

The Unjust do not qualify for Allah’s Promise. 221

Surah: 2 Ayah: 125 (continued), Ayah: 126, Ayah: 127 & Ayah: 128. 222

bn Kathir’s Tafsir 223

The Virtue of Allah’s House. 223

Allah described the House as a safe resort and refuge, for those who visit it are safe, even if they had committed acts of evil. This honor comes from the honor of the person who built it first, Khalil Ar-Rahman, just as Allah said, 224

The Command to purify the House. 226

Makkah is a Sacred Area. 227

Ibrahim invokes Allah to make Makkah an Area of Safety and Sustenance. 229

Building the Ka‘bah and asking Allah to accept This Deed. 231

The Story of rebuilding the House by Quraysh before the Messenger of Allah was sent as Prophet 233

The Dispute regarding Who should place the Black Stone in Its Place. 234

Ibn Az-Zubayr rebuilds Al-Ka‘bah the way the Prophet wished. 235

An Ethiopian will destroy the Ka‘bah just before the Last Hour 237

The Meaning of Manasik. 238

Surah: 2 Ayah: 129. 239

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 239

Ibrahim’s Supplication that Allah sends the Prophet 239

The Meaning of Al-Kitab wal-Hikmah. 240

Surah: 2 Ayah: 130, Ayah: 131 & Ayah: 132. 241

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 241

Only the Fools deviate from Ibrahim’s Religion. 241

Adhering to Tawhid until Death. 243

Surah: 2 Ayah: 133 & Ayah: 134. 244

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 244

Ya`qub's Will and Testament to His Children upon His Death. 244

Surah: 2 Ayah: 135. 245

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 246

Surah: 2 Ayah: 136. 246

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 246

The Muslim believes in all that Allah `revealed and all the Prophets. 246

Surah: 2 Ayah: 137 & 2 Ayah: 138. 247

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 248

Surah: 2 Ayah: 139 Ayah: 140  & Ayah: 141. 248

Tafsir Ibn Kathir 249

 

 
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