banner_graphic4.gif

CHAPTER (SURAH) 1: AL-FATIHAH (THE OPENING), VERSES 001–007

 

Surah: 1 Ayah: 5, Ayah: 6 & Ayah: 7

 

5.                          You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

6.                          Guide us to the Straight Way.

7.                          The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went astray (such as the Christians).

Transliteration

5. Iyyaka naAAbudu wa-iyyaka nastaAAeenu  6. Ihdina alssirata almustaqeema  7. Sirata allatheena anAAamta AAalayhim ghayri almaghdoobi AAalayhim wala alddalleena

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Why Praise was mentioned First

Since the praise of Allah, Who is being sought for help, was mentioned, it was appropriate that one follows the praise by asking for his need. We stated that Allah said,

«فَنِصْفُهَا لِي وَنِصْفُهَا لِعَبْدِي، وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ»

(One half for Myself and one half for My servant, and My servant shall have what he asked.)

This is the best method for seeking help, by first praising the one whom help is sought from and then asking for His aid, and help for one's self, and for his Muslim brethren by saying.

(Guide us to the straight path.)

This method is more appropriate and efficient in bringing about a positive answer to the pleas, and this is why Allah recommended this better method.

Asking for help may take the form of conveying the condition of the person who is seeking help. For instance, the Prophet Moses said,

(My Lord! Truly, I am in need of whatever good that You bestow on me!) (28:24).

Also, one may first mention the attributes of whoever is being asked, such as what Dhun-Nun said,

(La ilaha illa Anta (none has the right to be worshipped but You (O Allah)), Glorified (and Exalted) be You (above all that they associate with You)! Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers) (21:87).

Further, one may praise Him without mentioning what he needs. The Meaning of Guidance mentioned in the Surah

The guidance mentioned in the Surah implies being directed and guided to success. Allah said,

(Guide us to the straight path) meaning guide, direct, lead and grant us the correct guidance. Also,

(And shown him the two ways (good and evil)) (90:10), means, `We explained to him the paths of good and evil.' Also, Allah said,

(He (Allah) chose him (as an intimate friend) and guided him to a straight path) (16:121), and,

(And lead them on to the way of flaming Fire (Hell)) (37:23). Similarly, Allah said,

(And verily, you (O Muhammad ) are indeed guiding (mankind) to the straight path) (42:52), and,

(All praise and thanks be to Allah, Who has guided us to this) (7:43), meaning, guided us and directed us and qualified us for this end - Paradise.

Ibn Kathir Tafsir Books and Ebooks
buy_now